Constitutional Free Zones
Many issues in American Constitution deserve discussion. Constitutional free zone is the territory of the USA that is not regulated by the constitution of the country. In general, is not usually subject to chance and arbitrary stops and searches. However, the border is an exception. In this case, normal usual rules are not applied. For instance, the authorities do not need a warrant or possible cause to carry out a regular search.
According to the government, border is 100-mile broad strip that wraps around the “exterior frontier” of the USA. The researches demonstrate that approximately two-thirds of the population of United States inhabits this Constitution-free or in other words Constitution-lite Zone. Approximately 197.4 million of citizens live in 100 miles of the land and coastal borders of the U.S. Nine of ten largest municipal areas as defined by the 2000 poll are determined as the territory of Constitution-free Zone. This kind of zone is not protected by the constitution that is why and is not regulated by its laws. As a result, one can observe many cases of law violations. The constitution free zone is protected by the Border Patrol, the main aim of which is to set up the checkpoints inland that are situated on highways in such states as California, Texas and Arizona, and at transport terminals in the state Washington. Usually, the agents ask passengers and drivers about the document proving their citizenship. Regrettably, the courts so far have allowed these types of checkpoints, officially speaking, they are the so-called “governmental” stops that are permitted only for the definite reasons of protecting the borders of the country. They cannot become universal drug-search or some other efforts of law enforcement. Although the US Constitution does not regulate this zone, still the government regulates them. American policymakers suppose that this is a problem limited to the San Diego-Tijuana border or the sands of Arizona or Texas. However, these powers extend inland across the territory of United States.